Activity: Amazing salmon story

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This is an activity for you to lead either on a visit to Northumberland National Park, or in the classroom using the internet.
Who for?
Key stage 2 - England and Wales
Primary age 4-7 - Scotland
Who by?
This activity is for you to take, using the resources below.

Activity aims:

The resources for this case study can be adapted to suit the age and curriculum needs of each student.

Pupils will learn about the amazing life cycle of a River Tweed salmon. This activity can be adapted to learning in the classroom or for a visit to any other river where salmon live and breed.

Students will learn about:

  • names for salmon in different stages of development (e.g. alevins, fry etc)
  • names for male and female salmon
  • where and when the salmon breed
  • what salmon eat - both in the river and in the sea
  • about the amazing journey salmon make, returning from the ocean to the place of their birth to breed

What you will need:

  1. Paper, pencils, clipboards
  2. Printouts of the salmon life cycle diagram - see PDF below
  3. Printouts of the salmon life cycle quiz - see PDF below
  4. This PDF contains all worksheets for the amazing salmon story activity:

For classroom activity:

Investigate the life cycle of the salmon by using the internet as well as the downloadable resources provided above.

More information on the life cycle of Atlantic salmon:

More activities about the River ecosystem:

A river habitat pack is available to download at:


Curriculum links (England):

Subject area(s): Science (life processes)

1. Pupils should be taught:

  1. that the life processes common to humans and other animals include nutrition, movement, growth and reproduction
  2. to make links between life processes in familiar animals and plants and the environments in which they are found

Curriculum Links (Scotland):

Subject area(s): Science (living things and the processes of life)

The processes of life:

Level A:

Give the conditions needed by animals and plants in order to remain healthy

Level B:

Recognise stages in the life cycles of familiar plants and animals

Interaction of living things with their environment:

Level A:

Recognise and name some common plants and animals found in the local environment

Give examples of how to care for living things and the environment

Level B: Give examples of feeding relationships found in the local environment