Biodiversity

Biodiversity

Scroll down

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the name we give to the variety of life on our planet, the result of billions of years of evolution. It includes all species of animals and plants, and the natural systems that support them.

The variety of natural life

Our National Parks are home to a fascinating range of animals and plants, many of which are rare and protected.

However, biodiversity also refers to the ecosystems in our forests, wetlands, mountains, lakes, rivers and agricultural landscapes.

Millions of plant and animal species maintain these ecosystems, creating oxygen that we breathe, providing food for us to eat and ultimately ensuring a sustainable planet for future generations.

They are essential to human survival.

Did you know?

We have only identified around 1.2 million of the predicted 8.7 million species on Earth. These are mostly small creatures such as insects.

Threats to biodiversity

The loss of plant and animal species over time has always occurred, however the current pace of extinction is roughly 1,000 times higher than the natural rate.

Reasons for this include climate change, pollution, habitat destruction, over-exploitation of natural resources, introduction of invasive species and an increase in intensive agriculture.

Protecting biodiversity

Looking after biodiversity within the UK’s 15 National Parks is an important part of our work.

Whether it’s planning departments managing building applications or Rangers doing practical tasks, throughout the National Park Authorities there is a duty to preserve biodiversity.

Our work

Broads
Project

Broads

Safeguarding the Trinity Broads

Brecon Beacons
Project

Brecon Beacons

Removing invasive non-native species

New Forest
Project

New Forest

Restoring lost landscapes

#nationalparksuk

National Parks are stunning. Instagram is a great way to follow us. You can also find us on Facebook and Twitter.